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History of Tajmahal and Nearby Places in Agra
Agra, the city of Uttar Pradesh, 200 km from the country’s capital Delhi, is known for the Taj Mahal. Apart from the Taj Mahal located here, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri are also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The history of Agra dates back to the 11th century. With the passage of time, both Hindu and Muslim rulers ruled here. Therefore, a confluence of two types of culture is seen here.
Agra – Where glimpses of the Mughal Sultanate, rich history as well as signs of moving towards modernity are visible. The sign of Mughal rule and love – “Taj Mahal” has played an important role in giving recognition to this city.
With the beginning of the reign of “Babur”, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, the tradition of making square gardens in the Persian style began in Agra. Emperor “Akbar” built Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri here.
“Jahangir” decorated the city of Agra by building many palaces and gardens. But by giving this city the symbol of love “Taj Mahal”, the Mughal emperor “Shah Jahan” took the beauty of this place to the extreme.
The smell of Mughlai food, the taste of petha, the throngs of street food stalls in Sadar Bazaar, and the fashion peeping through TDi Mall, tourists can see and experience the many different colors of the city.
Agra is considered a historical city. Although the history of Agra came into discussion mainly from the Mughal period, it is related to Maharishi Angira, who happened in 1000 BC.
Its first mention in history is believed to be from the time of Mahabharata when it was addressed as Agraban or Agravan.
The 11th-century Persian poet Masud Salman mentions Ghaznavi’s attack on the fort of Agra, which was then under the rule of King Jaipal. Despite Jaipal’s surrender, Mahmud plundered the fort.
In 1504, Sikandar Lodhi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra. After this, it came under Babur (Mughal rule) after his son Ibrahim Lodi was defeated in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. Between 1540 and 1556, Sher Shah Suri ruled the region.
History of Agra In 1526, the Mughal emperor Babur made Agra the capital. After this, it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire till 1658.
After this, it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire in India till 1658. Agra was later ruled by the Marathas, after which it came under the British Raj.
When the Agra Presidency was established by the British in 1835, the city became the seat of government; news of the rebellion reached Agra on 11 May, and on 30 May the original infantry, 2 companies of the 44th and 67th Regiments. Revolted and went to Delhi.
However, the rebels moved to Delhi, allowing the British to restore order by 8 July. British rule was again secured in the city until India’s independence in 1947.
The Mughal rulers had a great interest in construction. This is the reason why many exquisite constructions can be seen in Agra. In that period every king built grand mausoleums to do better than his ancestors.
The first of these comes the name of the Taj Mahal, which was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Today the Taj Mahal has become a symbol of love all over the world.
Emperor Akbar renovated the Agra Fort and built Fatehpur Sikri on the outskirts of the city.
Agra and Nearby Tourist Places Historical monuments and buildings are the main attractions of Agra. Apart from the Taj Mahal, you can also visit the Agra Fort and Akbar’s Tomb, built on the banks of the Yamuna River.
We get to know about the nuances of Mugal rule by visiting Chini Ka Roza, Diwan-i-Aam, and Deewane Khas. Apart from this, visiting Itmadud Daula’s Tomb, Maryam Zamani’s Tomb, Jaswant Ki Chhatri, Chausath Khambha, and Taj Museum can also prove to be a good experience.
Like other cities in India, religious liberality can be clearly seen in Agra. Part of the Jama Masjid here is adjacent to the famous Hindu temple Bageshwar Nath. Like other cities in India, Agra is also very busy. Although there is also Soumi Bagh and Mahtab Bagh, where the atmosphere is very calm.
You can see the beautiful view of the sunrise, sunset, and Taj Mahal from here, away from the crowd. Agra attracts not only tourists but also birds. The Keetham Lake and Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary are home to a large number of migratory birds such as spoonbills, Siberian cranes, sarne cranes, brahmin ducks, and bar-headed geese and gadwalls and shovelers.
The area of Agra city is spread over 121 square kilometers. The official language of this city is Hindi.
Many rivers flow through the city of Agra. Such as Yamuna River, Khari River, Utangan River, Chambal River, Karban River and Kivad River etc.
History of Tajmahal
The living picture of architecture, Agra city is located at a distance of about 200 km from Delhi. To make it a craftsman was called from Baghdad who could carve curved letters on the stone.
Similarly, the craftsman who was called from the city of Bukhara, which is located in Central Asia, was skilled in carving flowers on a marble stone.
To build the domes of enormous stature, skilled craftsmen living in Istanbul, Turkey were called and skilled craftsmen were called from Samarkand to build the minarets.
Thus, before the construction of the Taj Mahal, in six months, 37 skilled craftsmen were gathered from among them after carving out skilled craftsmen, under whose supervision the work was done with twenty thousand laborers.
Similarly, the material used in the construction of the Taj, marble stones from Makrana of Rajasthan, and many other types of precious stones and gems were collected from many countries like Baghdad, Afghanistan, Tibet, Egypt, Russia, Iran, etc. and bought at huge prices and got the Taj Mahal constructed. Gone.
Its construction work, which started in AD 1630, was completed in about 22 years, in which the contribution of about twenty thousand laborers is considered. Its main dome is 60 feet high and 80 feet wide.
It is the result of the love and dedication of the Mughal emperor, ‘Taj Mahal’ which is called a rare diamond of beauty.
When you look up at this domed building, its carved ceilings and walls look no less than a surprise.
Its history is on the tongue of everyone, children, and adults, that the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had built the Taj Mahal in the memory of his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
‘Taj Mahal, a picture of supernatural beauty built of white stones on the banks of river Yamuna, has made its mark not only in India but in the whole world.
Thousands of tourists from far away countries come here to see this sign of love. After admiring the beauty of the Taj Mahal bathing in the milky moonlight, no matter how many similes you give, it all seems faded.
Tourists place in Agra
Most of the tourists in Agra come here to see the Taj Mahal, after that people plan to go to Mathura because Mathura is at a distance of about 60 kilometers from here which can be easily reached Mathura. There are many tourist places around Agra and in Agra, we are describing the main tourist places in the article which is as follows-
- Taj Mahal
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Agra Fort
- Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb
- Akbar’s Tomb
- Mehtab Bagh
- sugar row
- Angoori Bagh
- Taj Museum
- JAMA Masjid
The Taj Mahal is located at a distance of about 6 kilometers from the Agra Railway Cantt station. Taj Mahal is closed to tourists every Friday.
The Taj Mahal took about 17 years to complete and was finally completed in 1653.
The Taj Mahal was constructed using white marble from Rajasthan covering more than 60 bighas of land. This tomb is built in a rectangular shape.
It has water channels and fountains at its entrance which make this monument amazing and even more spectacular.
It is also called the “Symbol of Love” which was built by Shah Jahan, son of India’s fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir and Akbar’s grandson, as a memorial to his third wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Taj Mahal is called the “Crown of Palace” in the Persian language. It is considered to be the finest example of Mughal architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri is at a distance of about 38 km from Agra Cantt. This Fatehpur Sikri city has got the status of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and is also a famous tourist attraction.
Founded in 1569 by Emperor Akbar, the city was the capital of the Mughals from 1571 to 1585. The structure of Fatehpur Sikri is mainly made of red sandstone.
Fatehpur Sikri is a fine example of Muslim architecture. One day can be easily spent by roaming in Fatehpur Sikri.
There are many tourist places here. We are telling you about the main tourist places there which are as follows-
- Buland Darwaza
- Diwan e Khas
- Khwab Mahal
- Hiran Minar
- ibadat khana
- Jama Masjid
- Salim Chishti’s Dargah
Agra Fort is built on the banks of the river Yamuna. The construction of the fort was started by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565.
Agra Fort is also known as Badalgarh. Because this fort was first with the Hindu-Sikarwar Rajput King Raja Badal Singh.
The fort was the site of a battle during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which marked the end of the British East India Company’s rule and led to a century of direct rule of India by the British.
Agra Fort is a multi-storey building, but tourists can see only two floors of this fort.
In many wars that took place from time to time, the owner of this fort kept changing. This fort witnessed the rule of Ghaznavi, Lodi dynasty, Mughal dynasty, etc. The rulers who ruled from Agra Fort included Mughal rulers like Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb.
According to historians, this fort was in a dilapidated condition during the time of Akbar. But Akbar understood the importance of this fort and this fort was rebuilt by Akbar.
About 4000 skilled craftsmen were instrumental in making this fort. The outer garden of Agra fort was made of red stones and the inner part was made of bricks.
You will be surprised to know that it took about 8 years to rebuild this fort and its construction work was completed in 1573.
Two main gates have been built on the premises of this fort. One of which is known as Delhi Gate and the other as Lahore Gate.
Lahore Gate is also known as Amar Singh Gate. Which was named after a Rajput Thakur. Because Amar Singh was the courtier of Shah Jahan’s court and to honor him, Lahore Gate was named Amar Singh Gate.
Apart from Shah Jahan, the buildings inside the fort were destroyed by the British to make them barracks.
Nine palaces have been built on the premises of Agra Fort. In which Jehangir Mahal, Shahjahani Mahal, Macchi Bhawan, Khas Mahal, Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-e-Khas, Sheesh Mahal, Akbari Mahal, Bengali Mahal, etc. have been built.
You can see the Taj Mahal from the cracks in the wall of Jodha Bai’s palace in Agra Fort.
Rare parts of the Agra Fort are still under lock-down by the Survey of India. You can see these parts from a distance.
Many scenes of the movie Mughal-e-Azam have been shot in this fort. The famous song ‘Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya’ was also shot in this fort.
The famous Sheesh Mahal of Agra Fort is also kept under the lock-down of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). This palace is opened only on the arrival of VVIPs.
It is the second world heritage site after the Taj Mahal of Agra. This fort was constructed with red sandstone and its architecture resembles that of the Red Fort of Delhi.
Agra Fort is about 4.5 km from Agra Cantt. The entry fee for Agra Fort is Rs 40, while the ticket for foreigners is Rs 550. The entry fee to the fort is free for children below 15 years of age.
Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb Agra
Itmad-ud-Daulah’s tomb is known as the ‘Baby Taj Mahal’. This tomb is a Mughal tomb. This tomb is the first mausoleum in India made entirely of white marble.
Its construction period is 1622-1628 and its builder is Nur Jahan. It is made of Islamic architecture.
This tomb is spread over an area of 23 square meters on the banks of the river Yamuna. Beautiful carvings of pictures of trees, plants, animals, and birds have been done on the walls here. The ticket fee for Indian tourists is only Rs 10 and there is no ticket for children below 15 years. The ticket fee for the same foreign tourists is Rs 110.
Photography is free throughout the monument but a ticket fee of Rs.25 is charged for videography. It is about 7 km from the Taj Mahal and 3.5 km from Agra Fort.
Akbar’s Tomb is an important architectural art of the Mughal Empire. This mausoleum is located on the Mathura road on NH-2 and is located about 8.2 km from the city center.
This tomb is located in Sikandra on the outskirts of Agra and is spread over 119 acres of land. This tomb is made of sandstone and white marble.
This tomb was built by Akbar himself. After the death of Akbar during his lifetime, his son Jahangir completed the construction of this tomb.
Mehtab Bagh means “the garden of moonlight”, this garden is located on the other bank of the Yamuna opposite the Taj Mahal. Mehtab Bagh is spread over 25 acres, it was constructed between 1631 and 1635.
There is a huge octagonal pond in the middle of this garden, in which the image of the Taj Mahal is formed. This garden is one of the tourist places in Agra to enjoy nature.
This garden is open from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm. The entry fee for Indian tourists is ₹ 30 and for foreign tourists ₹ 200 per person. It is at a distance of 4.5 km from Agra Fort.
Chini ka Roja
Chini ka Rauja is a funeral monument. It is situated on the eastern bank of the river Yamuna. It is a built-in 1635. It is constructed in a rectangular shape and its walls are decorated with colored tiles.
The biggest feature of this tomb is its round dome made in Afghan style, on which holy Islamic words are written. It is at a distance of about 4 km from Agra Fort. This tomb is dedicated to Allama Afzal Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz.
Angoori Bagh was built in 1637 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The main part of the palace consists of a hall with rooms in the surrounding semicircle shape pattern and a large courtyard in front which also has a magnificent garden. This garden is also called “Angoori Bagh”.
The surrounding structure is made of white marble which was initially painted and carved in gold. You can easily spend one to two hours here.
The entry fee here is ₹ 40 for Indians and ₹ 510 per person for foreigners. This garden is about 900 meters from Agra Fort.
This museum was established in 1982, it has paintings showing the manufacture and planning of clothes of the emperor and his queen.
The Taj Museum is near the Taj Mahal. This museum is open from 10:00 am to 7:00 pm. Here the entry fee for Indian tourists is Rs 20 and for foreign tourists, the entry fee is Rs 750 per person.
The Taj Museum is located inside the Taj Mahal complex. To reduce the impact of pollution on the monument, vehicles are not allowed in the vicinity of the Taj. It is the most popular place for tourists.
Jama Masjid built during the reign of Shah Jahan is dedicated to his favorite daughter Jahanara Begum in 1648. It is made of red stone and marble. It is about 700 meters from Agra Fort.
Sikandra is located at a distance of about 4 kilometers from Agra, the best is Akbar’s Tomb. Sikandra was named after Sikandar Lodi.
Fair and festival in Agra
Fairs and festivals are quite colorful in Agra. Taj Mahotsav is one of the most famous events held here. This happens for 10 days in February. It is celebrated in Shilp Gram, near the Taj Mahal. The festival is a showcase of arts, crafts, culture, a traditional variety of food, and folk performances. This festival welcomes the spring season with enthusiasm. The festival begins with a grand procession
Bateshwar city is located 70 km away from Agra. There are 108 temples of many Hindu gods and goddesses here. An annual fair dedicated to Lord Shiva is held in the months of October/November. During this month, thousands of devotees take a dip in the holy waters of the river Yamuna. Animal fair is a part of this fair.
Held before Dussehra, Ram Baraat is a special marriage procession of Lord Rama, held every year in Agra. It is a part of Ramlila, which ends on the day of Dussehra when the Lord kills Ravana. The palace of Goddess Sita, King Janak, ‘Janakpuri’ is established in a special place. The site becomes the base for the fair, which is visited by thousands of devotees of the Lord who come to witness the royal wedding.
Held at a place just 12 km away from Agra, Kailash Mela is organized to pay homage to Lord Shiva at the Kailash Temple. The festival is organized in the month of August/September to celebrate the presence of Lord Shiva in the form of Patthar Lingam. Devotees from nearby places participate in this fair.
How to reach Agra
- How to reach Agra by road
Agra is connected to parts of the country by three major national highways NH2, NH3, and NH11. Roadways buses, private buses, and Volvo luxury buses are available from Agra. UP Tourism organizes guided tours on deluxe buses from within the city to Sikandra and Fatehpur Sikri. The Noida Expressway has increased connectivity to Agra and reduced travel time. Now Agra can be reached in two hours from Delhi.
- How to reach Agra by Train
Agra Cantt. It is well connected by the railway line. Agra city has its own seven railway stations. Out of these seven, three main railway stations are Agra Fort Railway Station, Agra Cantt Railway Station, and Raja-ki-Mandi. Most of the trains pass through Agra Fort and Agra Cantt railway stations.
- How to reach Agra by flight
Agra has its own airport, Kheria Airport, which is about 5 kilometers from the city center. It is served by major domestic airlines across the country. After this, there is the International Airport in Delhi again.