Traveling in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India is another pleasure. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a paradise with a tropical climate. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located in the Bay of Bengal and bordering the Indian Ocean, are actually a large group of more than 300 beautiful islands and islets. Due to the beauty of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, people from far and wide come to visit here.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are made up of about 572 islands. Most of these islands are in the Andaman, of which only 28 islands are populated. At the same time, there are about 22 main islands in the Nicobar Islands, out of which people live on only 10 islands. A 150 km wide 10-degree water channel separates the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
These islands are blue sea water and clean coast. Beautiful beaches with white sand, and tall coconut trees lined by the water’s edge, are quite attractive. The clear water of the vast sea away from the crowd of people will compel you to swoon here. If you want, you can also enjoy sunbath, water sports, and seafood here. Tourists can enjoy a variety of activities related to water sports such as trekking, camping, trailing, scuba diving, etc. on these islands.
The clear water of the vast sea away from the crowd of people will compel you to swoon here. If you want, you can also enjoy sunbath, water sports, and seafood here. Tourists can enjoy a variety of activities related to water sports such as trekking, camping, trailing, scuba diving, etc. on these islands.
Here Corbin’s Cove Beach, Chiraya Island, Viper Island, Ross Island, Karmtang Beach, Redskin Island, Neil Island, Havelock Island, Harminder Bay Beach, Chidiya Tapu (Bird Watching), etc. are considered to be the center of special attractions of the tourists.
More than 270 species and subspecies of birds are found on these islands, of which 106 species are endemic. Andaman’s Wood Pigeon, Andaman Padauk, and Dugong (Sea Cow) have been declared as the State Bird, State Tree, and State Animal respectively.
The human population has been living in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands for several thousand years. There are two major groups – the Nicobarese, who live on several islands of the Nicobar; Shompen, which are confined to the Great Nicobar Island. Different genetic, cultural, and linguistic studies suggest that people have been living here since the Middle Paleolithic, 30,000 to 60,000 years ago. But according to the documents, people lived here about 2,200 years ago.
Fishes and other animals of so many colors are found on the beach here, which are not found on any other beach of color.
The specialty here is that it is an eco-friendly island and for this reason, tourists are attracted to it. Tourists here enjoy mountaineering, snorkeling, and scuba diving a lot. In scuba diving, tourists can see underwater creatures and different types of plants.
History of Andaman and Nicobar
The northern part of the Andaman Islands is called Andaman and the southern part is called Nicobar. The history of Andaman and Nicobar can be traced back to the time of Ptolemy. For a long time, this place remained away from contact with the outside world.
For this reason, the very ancient written history of this land is not available. But after Vasco da Gama’s journey and due to his discovery of the Indian sea route, this place came in contact with the outside world. The Portuguese came here first, after that the island remained under the control of the Dutch. After 1880, the British gave it a new look.
On this deserted populated island, the British government used to punish the freedom fighters of India for Kalapani. Here is 1906, the British Government built the Cellular Jail.
This jail located in Andaman and Nicobar is proof of the atrocities committed by the British on the people of India. The islands came under Japanese occupation during World War II.
Andaman and Nicobar Information
But the natives here protested and harassed the Japanese. Japan finally handed it over to the Azad Hind Fauj led by Netaji on 6 November 1943.
In 1947, with the independence of the whole of India, Andaman and Nicobar also became independent. At present, it is a union territory of India.
When to go to Andaman and Nicobar?
The best time to visit Andaman is between December to March. In the meantime, you can enjoy your holidays. Avoid going here between June and August. Andaman is a great holiday spot for everyone from kids to the elderly.
To reach Andaman, one has to first reach its capital, Port Blair. The Cellular Jail, also known as Kala Pani, built by the British Government in Andaman, is world famous. Apart from this, Chatham Saw Mill is a sawmill located in Chatham Island of Andaman and Nicobar Island. It was constructed in 1883 to meet the local requirements for timber.
At this time, Christmas and New Year are celebrated here with great grandeur and eagerness. You can spend your best time coming here during this time.
Places to visit in Andaman and Nicobar
While visiting Andaman and Nicobar, you must be aware of some of the best places to visit here. So that you can make your journey memorable. Below are some of the very best tourist places.
- Havelock Island
You will be able to feel a unique refreshment as you walk toward the beach, leaving your footprints on the white sand. Tropical forests surround the island from all sides. The greenery running from these forests comes till here and then gets absorbed in the water. The reflection of the trees is seen to be swaying, just as you shake it by putting your hand in the water. Scuba diving, snorkeling, sea walking, glass boat ride, etc. will introduce you to the exciting aquatic life.
- Radhanagar Beach
This island included in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is one of the best islands in the world. Which is the most preferred place by the tourists. As far as you can see, you will only be able to see the blue water, which is covered by the dark green forest. This scene will settle in your mind, it will be such that even in dreams you will find yourself visiting it. You can spend your holidays in the best possible way by coming here.
- Barron’s Island
It is the only active volcano in Southeast Asia. However, this place is not at all for people to settle or move. But here are some unique animal species that are probably not found anywhere else in India, which are bound to be seen. You can have a wonderful view from the top by seaplane ride and be a part of this unique place.
- Vijayanagar Beach
Travelers who are fond of photography become a must visit here. When the sun spreads its rays all over the place, the atmosphere becomes colorful. As if a colorful flower has blossomed, a new glow has been filled in it. You will get to hear the chirping of local birds early in the morning. Believe me, this tweet will make your morning very beautiful. This beach will take you amidst nature and make you stand.
- Bharatpur Beach
The most beautiful beach on Neil Island. As you see in the painting, this is the real form of the same painting. As if beauty has been filled by nature in it. People from all over the world come to live this dream in reality. Blue sky above, blue water below, and greenery around – what a wonderful confluence of nature. Can’t live without being praised. Sitting and staring at it for hours would be less.
- Baratang Island
Beautiful islands, mesmerizing beaches, limestone caves, mangrove forests – this island is a mixture of all. This is a very beautiful place to spend a memorable vacation. Every single day of yours will be spent admiring its incomparable scenery. Mud Island and Parrot Island are the most popular places here. You can spend your holidays in a peaceful environment by coming here with your family.
- Lala Ji Bay Beach
This beach is famous for swimming and scuba diving. When you see the high rising white waves coming towards you, then that view will give a different pleasure. Everyone wants to spend time in a peaceful environment and this place is always ready to welcome travelers. Walking barefoot feeling the sand and then touching the feet of the water coming with a slow wave is an incomparable experience. You will be able to feel this experience by coming here.
- Port Blair
It is the capital region of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. From here it is easily accessible to other cities. This part of the Andaman and Nicobar attractive place is the center of financial, cultural, and other activities. By coming here, you will be able to know about the local tribal tribes and the history of this place. You can spend some of the best moments of your life by coming here any day of the year.
- Bird Island
As you can understand from the name that this is such a place where you will get to see a lot of birds. Along with local birds, you can also get a glimpse of some unseen migratory birds. Resonating with the chirping, this place gives an opportunity to live a very unique experience. The experience of starting the day watching the first ray of sun in the morning and then ending your day with the setting sun is a mesmerizing experience.
- Cellular Jail
All of you will be well aware of the name “black water”. This is the most important part of the Andaman and Nicobar attractions. Coming here and not coming to this place will be your biggest mistake. It is a three-storied building with 698 confines connected to each other in the shape of a starfish. Glimpses of the historical adventures of freedom fighters and excellent light and sound shows will leave you spellbound.
Interesting facts related to the history of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
The Andaman-Nicobar Islands are an integral part of India, where lakhs of tourists come here every year for a holiday. But there are many such facts of this island that you hardly know about. Today we are going to introduce you to some such facts of Andaman and Nicobar.
- The native tribes living here do not mix with people coming from outside. The residents here are mainly from the ‘Jarwa’ tribe. They are less than 500 in number and do not mix with outsiders at all.
- The island is very popular globally, but even today it has many such places that humans have not been able to reach. Of its total 572 islands, only 36 are worth visiting or inhabiting. Only selected people are allowed to go to Nicobar for research or survey. It is also difficult for tourists to go here.
- Most sea turtles are found here. The largest tortoise on earth makes its base here. The name of this turtle is Dermochelys Coriacea. They are very big in size and reach Andaman every year. Olive Ridley, the smallest tortoise on earth, also makes shelter after reaching the Andaman.
- The forest part on the 20 note belongs to the Andaman Islands only.
- There are different beliefs about the origin of this island, it is believed that the word Andaman is a form of Hanuman, which has been popularized from the Malay language of Sanskrit origin. Actually, in Malay the Hanuman character of Ramayana is called Handuman and Nicobar means the land of the Neket people.
- Commercial fishing is banned in Andaman. It is one of the few places on earth where fishes get the opportunity to die after completing their age and live their life.
- Most of the Bengali language is spoken here. Apart from this, there are people speaking Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, and Malayalam languages.
- Coconut crabs are found in abundance in Andaman. These are the largest crabs found on the ground, whose length can be up to 1 meter. Their favorite food is coconut, they also break the strong shell of coconut with their mouth.
- In India, you will get to see Volcano only in Andaman. There is only one active volcano in India, and it is only in Andaman. This island is located at a distance of 135 km from Port Blair. You can see this volcano by going here.
- You will see a lot of butterflies in Andaman. Andaman is a ‘happy island’ for butterflies. Many butterflies reach here from the surrounding tropical islands.
- The first European who established his colony in the Andaman was a Danish (a resident of Denmark). It reached Andaman in 1755. The British first reached the Andaman in 1789, that too on Chantham Island. The British built their colony and naval military base here.
- Andaman is closer to Indonesia and Burma than India. Andaman’s distance from Indonesia is 150 km while India’s border is 800 km away from it.
- The two islands of Andaman are named after two officers of the East India Company. These islands are Havelock and Neil Island.
- Subhas Chandra Bose further strengthened his ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ with Japanese help. This was the period of World War II itself. Bose named the North and South Islands Shaheed Dweep and Swaraj Dweep.
- 90% of the area of Andaman Islands is densely forested. This is more than any other state in India.
- The first ray of sunrise fell on the Andaman Islands before the century. Such was the fortune that Cathal Island had got.
- Danish Colonial Rule ended here in 1868. This happened because the Britishers bought it. After this, the entire rights of the island went into the hands of the British.
- Under the British rule, the name of Andaman was famous for the punishment of ‘Kalapani’. The Cellular Jail here still tells the story of the heroes of the freedom struggle. However, this jail has now been converted into a national monument.
- During the Second World War, Andaman and Nicobar was the only land area in India that was occupied by Japan. Japan also occupied some parts of North East of India but only for 6 months. This island was occupied by Japan for 3 years.
- The state animal of Andaman is Dugong. It is a sea creature and is extremely shy with its pair. They have 5 breeding centers out of which one is in Andaman.