Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest and most famous national park located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, India, which is situated at the foothills of the Himalayan ranges. Jim Corbett National Park is known for the conservation of the endangered Bengal Tiger. A wide variety of flora and fauna is available here.
The park is also full of different species of flora and wildlife. The park is named after the legendary tiger hunter and later naturalist, Jim Corbett (British hunter–1875–1955).
Jim Corbett National Park is an important park in India. This National Sanctuary has been created by enclosing a vast area near Ramnagar town in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand state.
It was established in 1936 to protect the endangered Bengal Tigers. It is spread over an area of about 1316 square kilometers on the banks of the Ramganga river between Garhwal and Kumaon. Elephants, cheetahs, lions, etc. live in the protected natural places here.
Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who was instrumental in its establishment.
The main office of this park is in Ramnagar and tourists enter this park with a permit from here. When tourists enter the park through the eastern gate, small rivers, streams, shady trees of shawls and an unknown fragrance of flowers and plants fascinate them. The tourist feels hypnotized in this natural beauty.
This park has been a great place for tourists, apart from the beautiful landscape of nature, gives a chance to see the rich wildlife very closely.
This park is an integral part of Uttaranchal. Various types of beautiful flowers and wildlife are found in this park. Elephants, cheetahs, lions, etc. live in the protected natural places here. 110 types of trees, 50 species of mammals, 580 species of birds, and 25 types of reptiles are found in the park.
Leopards are seen in the lap of the natural mountains of the park. Various types of nocturnal cats are found here. Apart from this, many wild cats are also found. Sloth bears are found in the lower part of the park and Himalayan black bears live at the heights of the hills.
On the banks of the Ram Ganga river, you can find alligators, and crocodiles eating snout fish. You can also find Ghorals on the banks of rocky hills. If a lion or a cheetah is coming from the front, then the langur and rhesus monkeys warn the whole forest about their arrival with their voice.
This was the first park to come under the Tiger Project Initiative. It is a proud zoological sanctuary. It is situated in the Patlidun Valley of Ramganga on an area of 1318.54 square kilometers, under which the Jim Corbett Shrine Protected Area of 821.99 square kilometers also comes.
Corbett has been a haven for tourists and wildlife lovers for a long time. Tourist activities will be allowed only in selected areas of the Corbett Tiger Reserve so that people can see its spectacular landscape and various wildlife.
Jim Corbett National Park attracts thousands of tourists every year with its natural beauty and abundance of diverse wildlife.
Tourists can also enjoy the beautiful view of the lush green forest while enjoying the jeep safari in the dense forest to see the wild animals in their natural habitat. no less than heaven.
Corbett National Park covers 520.8 km (201.1 sq mi) of hills, river belts, swampy depressions, grasslands, and a large lake. The altitude ranges from 1,300 to 4,000 feet (400 to 1,220 m).
Here in winter, the nights are cold but the days are sunny and hot. It rains from July to September. The dense moist deciduous forest consists mainly of Sal, Haldu, Peepal, Rohini, and Mango trees. The forest covers about 73% of the park, with 10% of the area being grasslands.
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History of Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park has a rich history. This park was once the private property of the rulers of Tehri Garhwal. It is said that in 1820 the British had discovered this rugged forest.
At that time there was a kingdom of dreaded wild animals. The British rule initially planted shawl trees here and named this park ‘The Hailey National Park’.
However, the British exploited the park for timber and cut down teak trees in large numbers for train seats. For the first time, Major Ramsey prepared a comprehensive plan for its conservation.
In 1879, the Forest Department took it under its control and declared it a protected area. In 1934, the Governor of the United Provinces, Malcolm Haley, declared this protected forest a biological park. The park was named ‘Haley National Park’ in 1936 after Governor Malcolm Hailey.
After independence, this park was named ‘Ramganga National Park’. In 1957, it was named ‘Jim Corbett National Park’. Jim Corbett was a clever English hunter.
He was born in a place called Kaladhungi of Nainital. He made the people of the area free from fear by hunting man-eating tigers here. The local people called him “Gora Sadhu”.
His residence in Kaladhungi has now been converted into a magnificent museum. It contains pictures of Jim Corbett, his books, his photographs with lions, weapons of that time, many types of guns, and many types of reading material related to wildlife. It is very nice to sit in the courtyard of this museum built in a calm atmosphere and under the shade of dense trees.
The Government of India has protected their habitat in a network of national parks and sanctuaries across the country under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1935.
First naming of Jim Corbett National Park
In 1934, the Governor of the United Provinces, Malcolm Hailey, declared the protected forest a biological park, due to this the park was named Hailey National Park after Malcolm Halley in 1936, and it became the first national park in India and the third-largest in the world.
Jim Corbett National Park has been named three times
- First name- Hailey National Park (1936 before independence)
- Another name- Ramganga National Park (at the time of independence)
- Third name- Jim Corbett National Park (after independence 1957)
- First Name (1936)
Jim Corbett National Park was first named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Malcolm Haley, in 1934, the Governor of the United Provinces, Malcolm Haley, declared this protected forest as a biological park, due to which the park was named 1936 Haley National Park.
The second name of Jim Corbett
Jim Corbett National Park was named after Ramganga River Jim Corbett National Park was named after the independence.
Third Name of Jim Corbett (1957)
The third name of Jim Corbett National Park was given after independence in 1957. Jim Corbett National Park was named after a hunter. Therefore, as a true tribute to his works, this park was named Jim Corbett National Park, after the death of Jim Corbett (1955).
When tiger projects were initiated in 1973, 23 reserve forest areas were created in 14 states. Later two more areas were brought under it, due to which their number has now increased to 25.
Under this, sanctuaries like Kaziranga, Dudhwa, Ranthambore, Sariska, Bandipur, Kanha, Sundarban, etc. were established.
Jim Corbett Park came under this scheme in 1993. To maintain practical numbers of wildlife in India from the point of view of scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural, and ecological values and to preserve such areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education, and entertainment of the people forever The main objective of this scheme is
Jim Corbett (Predator) Biography
Jim Corbett was an English hunter after whom this national park has been named Jim Corbett’s full name was James Edward Corbett, he was born on 25 July 1875 in a place called Kaladhungi of Nainital Jim Corbett was very hardworking, and fearless since childhood. Corbett was an Indian writer and philosopher of Irish origin, he did some work like driving, station mastery, and army, as well as he had become a transport officer.
But he was attracted to the love of wild animals, he fought for human rights and also started the movement of protected forests, whenever he got time, he used to go out for a walk in the forests of Kumaon, Jim Corbett made his residence in Kaladhungi.
Jim Corbett freed the people of this area from fear by hunting the man-eating tiger of Kaladhungi, the local people here used to call him “Gora Sadhu”.
Jim Corbett moved to Kenya with his sister in 1947, where he died on 19 April 1955. After his death, Ramganga National Park was renamed Jim Corbett National Park in 1957.
The park established on the soil of Kumaon was a true tribute to their work done by him. A beautiful waterfall flows in Naya village near Kaladhungi, Jim Corbett, which is a scenic spot, this waterfall has been named Corbett Fall.
A walk in the woods of Jim Corbett
You can go for a walk near the Kosi river for a natural excursion. One day you can go for a walk in the forest. The most famous ride at this place is the jeep from which you can take a tour of the jungle.
However, Jim Corbett National Sanctuary can be visited only by riding on an elephant, as the noise of motor vehicles disturbs the wildlife. Elephants are available to tourists from the lounge itself.
Sitting on elephants, tourists pass through high-pitched forest trails, tall grass, and shawl trees. Here, not only lions and tigers, herds of elephants, groups of deer filling the knuckles, small rivers, and streams, the song of the springs, the noise of the fast stream of the Ramganga river, the dense shade of the shawl trees, and the silence of the dense forest, everything in itself. is unique.
Amidst the dense forest on both sides of the Ramganga river, this sanctuary spreads a unique shade of nature.
If you want to roam in this forest, then there are four gates at the entrance of the park, which are Amanda Dwar, Dhangarhi Dwar, Khara Dwar, and Durga Devi Dwar.
After entering every gate, there is a vision of a different form of the forest. Tourists who are planning to visit the deserted forests of Corbett National Park can also visit Dhikala which is situated on the banks of Patil Doon valley.
One can get a panoramic view of the valley from Dhikala with the Kanda range in the background.
Kalagarh Dam is another place that is situated southwest of the park. This place is a good place for bird watching. Migratory birds mainly murgabi can be commonly seen here during the cold season.
Flora and Fauna in Jim Corbett National Park
This national park is home to several endangered animals and critically endangered species, especially the Asian elephant and alligator. The main attraction is the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger.
Apart from this, other species found here like Asian Black Bear, Walking Deer, Hog Deer, Sambar, and Sloth are also very special. Jim Corbett National Park is a paradise for bird lovers as it is home to 600 species of birds, including the Great Pied Hornbill, and the White-backed Vulture.
Includes peacock, Hodgson bush chat, orange-breasted green pigeon, sea fish eagle, golden oriole, fish owl, etc. The endangered reptiles, mugger crocodile, and king cobra are also found in Jim Corbett National Park.
The park is home to various species of plants and a variety of wildlife including elephant, tiger, chital, sambar stag, nilgai, gharial, king cobra, muntjac stag, and wild boar.
Thorny Wild Rat, Flying Fox, Indian Pangolin, and about 600 different species of birds are seen in this national park. Jim Corbett National Park is spread over an area of 521 square kilometers.
Corbett National Park is known for the endangered Bengal Tiger of India. The park is one of the best managed and protected areas in the country and attracts thousands of Indian and foreign visitors every year.
600 species of trees can be found in Jim Corbett National Park spread over 521 sq km. There are different types of trees ranging from grasslands, bamboos, and shrubs to climbers etc.
The reserve has ample fresh water as well as alpine flora. Sal is the major species of trees here as Sal trees and in total cover about 75 percent of this national park.
Pine Pine is the only conifer that can be seen in the region. However, bamboo is also found in large quantities in some areas.
There are many other tree species in Jim Corbett National Park but they are only rarely seen. Apart from these, there are many flowering trees like Kachnar, Semal, Jungle Flame and Dhak.
What is the old name of Jim Corbett National Park?
A reserve area known as Hailey National Park covering 323.75 km (125.00 sq mi) was created in 1936 when Sir Malcolm Hailey was the governor of the United Provinces, and Asia’s first national park came into existence.
The name of the reserve was changed to Ramganga National Park in 1954-55 and again as Corbett National Park in 1955-56. The new name honors renowned author and naturalist, Jim Corbett.
Corbett National Park Timing
If you are planning to visit Jim Corbett National Park, then let us tell you that you can visit this park throughout the year but the best time to visit it is between November and February. The timetables are as follows –
Morning Safari: 07:30 am – 10:30 pm
Evening Safari: 15:00 PM – 17:00 PM
Morning Safari : 06:30 am – 09:30 pm
Evening Safari: 16:00 – 18:00
Jungle Safari in Jim Corbett National Park
One of the favorite activities for which tourists visit Jim Corbett is Jungle Safari. Tourists can enjoy jungle safaris through any of the five different areas of Jim Corbett.
Dhikala, Bijrani, Jhirna, Dhela, and Durga Devi are the zones from which tourists can enjoy safaris. There are three types of safaris offered here which are called jeep safaris, canter safaris, and elephant safaris.
Tourists can enjoy all these safaris and get an enthralling experience of the beautiful location with the magnificent creatures in this park. Also, tourists can see wild animals like elephants, deer, langur, leopard, and crocodiles while passing through the forest.
Bijrani Zone Jim Corbett National Park
Bijrani Zone offers the best jeep safaris in Jim Corbett National Park. This beautiful place in Corbett National Park is mainly noteworthy for its large grasslands like chaur and dense sal forest and river streams. Tourists can spot not only tigers but also a variety of animals like sambar, chital, elephant and black bear.
Dhikala Zone Jim Corbett National Park
Dhikala Zone is most famous for its natural beauty as well as exotic fauna. Dhikala zone is the largest area consisting of large grasslands and a beautiful natural landscape, making it the most suitable option for overnight stay by wildlife lovers. Other animals are also seen in this area such as wild elephants, spotted deer, wild boar, hog deer, and barking deer.
Jim Corbett National Park Jhirna Zone
This area with dense forest and grassland is situated on the southern edge of Corbett National Park. Since this area is open to tourists throughout the day, it is one of the most visited areas. Wild bears and tigers are the main attraction of this area.
Jim Corbett National Park Dhela Zone
The Dhela Zone attracts the attention of a large number of tourists due to its rich flora and fauna which is open throughout the year. The region comprises a mixed topology with dense forests or trees such as Sal, Haldu, Behera, Rohini, and Kusum. This area is the best area for birds.
Jim Corbett National Park Durga Devi Zone
The Durga Devi Zone in the north-eastern part of Jim Corbett National Park offers one of the most beautiful landscapes in the park. Durga Devi Zone is situated on the hills and offers the most breathtaking view of nature with a diversity of wildlife.
The major flora species of the region include Shisham, Sisu, Dhak, and Khair which are found in abundance in the park. Durga Devi Zone is open for tourists from 15 October to 15 June every year.
Accommodation Options Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park offers a range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets. From luxury resorts and forest lodges to tented camps and eco-friendly accommodations, visitors can choose the type of stay that aligns with their preferences for comfort and closeness to nature.
Best Time to Visit Jim Corbett National Park
The park remains open for visitors from November to June, with different zones accessible during specific months. The best time to visit Jim Corbett National Park is during the winter months, from November to February, when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are relatively more frequent.
Conservation Efforts Jim Corbett National Park
Conservation has been at the heart of Jim Corbett National Park since its inception. The park authorities, along with various organizations and stakeholders, actively work to protect the park’s ecosystem and its inhabitants. Initiatives such as anti-poaching campaigns, habitat restoration, and community engagement programs contribute to the park’s conservation efforts.
Eco-Tourism Initiatives Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park promotes responsible and sustainable tourism through its eco-tourism initiatives. These initiatives aim to minimize the environmental impact of tourism activities while generating livelihood opportunities for local communities. By engaging visitors in nature-based experiences and raising awareness about conservation, eco-tourism plays a vital role in preserving the park’s natural heritage.
How to Reach Jim Corbett National Park
By Air: Pantnagar Airport is the nearest airport which is located at a distance of about 80 km from Jim Corbett. Taxis are readily available from Pantnagar Airport to Jim Corbett National Park.
By Road: Jim Corbett National Park is a major tourist destination in northern India, it is well connected by road. Taxis are easily available from major cities of Uttarakhand to Corbett National Park. Also, many private bus services are available from Delhi to Ramnagar.
Jim Corbett National Park stands as a testament to the importance of preserving our natural treasures. Its breathtaking landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich history make it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts. Whether it’s the thrill of spotting a majestic tiger or immersing oneself in the tranquility of the forest, Jim Corbett National Park offers an unforgettable experience. So pack your bags, embark on a safari adventure, and create memories that will last a lifetime.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Jim Corbett National Park
1. Is Jim Corbett National Park open throughout the year?
No, Jim Corbett National Park remains closed during the monsoon season from July to October. It is open for visitors from November to June.
2. How can I reach Jim Corbett National Park?
Jim Corbett National Park is well-connected by road. The nearest airport is Pantnagar Airport, approximately 80 kilometers away. The nearest railway station is Ramnagar, which is around 12 kilometers from the park. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the park.
3. What are the entry fees for Jim Corbett National Park?
The entry fees for Jim Corbett National Park vary depending on the type of vehicle and the zones you wish to visit. The fees are typically charged per vehicle and include the guide fee. It is advisable to check the official website or contact the park authorities for the latest fee structure.
4. Can I book safari tickets in advance?
Yes, it is recommended to book safari tickets in advance, especially during peak seasons. Online booking facilities are available on the official website of Jim Corbett National Park. It ensures a hassle-free experience and avoids any last-minute disappointments.
5. What are the different zones of Jim Corbett National Park?
Jim Corbett National Park is divided into several zones, each offering unique wildlife experiences. The prominent zones include Dhikala Zone, Bijrani Zone, Jhirna Zone, Dhangari Zone, and Dhela Zone. Each zone has its own charm and wildlife sightings.
6. Can I spot tigers in Jim Corbett National Park?
Jim Corbett National Park is famous for its tiger population, but tiger sightings are never guaranteed in the wild. However, the park provides suitable habitats for tigers, increasing the chances of spotting them during safaris. Hiring an experienced guide and being patient can enhance your chances of tiger sightings.
7. What is the best time to visit Jim Corbett National Park?
The best time to visit Jim Corbett National Park is during the winter months, from November to February. The weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are relatively more frequent. However, different zones have specific timings and seasons, so it is advisable to plan accordingly.
8. Are there any accommodation options inside the park?
Yes, Jim Corbett National Park offers accommodation options inside the park premises. There are forest rest houses, resorts, and tented camps available for visitors. It is advisable to book in advance, especially during peak seasons, to secure your preferred accommodation.
9. Can I take my own vehicle inside the park?
Private vehicles are not allowed for safari drives inside Jim Corbett National Park. Only registered safari vehicles operated by authorized guides and drivers are permitted. These vehicles ensure the safety of visitors and follow the park's guidelines.
10. Are there any restrictions on photography in the park?
Photography is allowed in Jim Corbett National Park, but certain restrictions apply, especially during wildlife sightings. It is advised to maintain a safe distance from animals and follow ethical guidelines for wildlife photography. Flash photography is generally prohibited to avoid disturbing the animals.