Srinagar is the largest city in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir as well as the summer capital of the state.
The city is situated on the banks of river Jehlum, which is a tributary of river Indus. This city is very famous for its natural beauty. It is a large city in the north of India.
Snow-capped peaks, beautiful flower gardens, gardens laden with fruit and shikaras floating on water, all these specialties make Kashmir a paradise on earth. Kashmir is also known as India’s best honeymoon destination.
Tourists come here throughout the year to enjoy the summer, winter, snow season. Kashmir is such a place, you come here in any season and you will get the beautiful view every time. Know about these places.
The beauty of real Kashmir is hidden in the small villages nestled in the mountains, hidden in the saffron fields, orchards of apples, almonds, walnuts and cherries and even very few people reach here. Here we tell you about every beautiful place in Kashmir, which till now very few people visit here.
History of Srinagar City
We find a description of Srinagar in the 12th century Rajatarangini written by Kalhana. Apart from this, many ancient Chinese documents also describe Srinagar.
The literal meaning of Srinagar is considered to be ‘City of the Sun’. Apart from this, the meaning has also been taken from its name that this name means ‘city of wealth’.
According to mythological beliefs, the story of Rajatarangini and Neelam Purana, the valley of Kashmir used to be a very big lake. Rishi Kashyap took out the water from here and turned it into a beautiful natural spot.
Thus the Valley of Kashmir came into existence. However, according to geologists, due to the subsidence of the mountains at Khadiyar, Baramulla, the water of the lake was washed away and thus became a habitable place in Kashmir.
Rajatarangini is an authentic document of the ancient dynasties and kings of Kashmir from King Gonand of 1184 BC to King Vijay Simha (1129 AD).
According to Kalhan, Srinagar was founded in 1182 BC i.e. 3200 years ago by a king named Ashoka. But many historians consider this Ashoka king to be Ashoka, the great emperor of the Maurya Empire, 2300 years ago.
Kalhana has also written in Rajatarangini that a king by another name Pravarasena founded the city of Pravarapura and made it his capital. Topographical details reveal that this ‘Pravarapura’ is the present day Srinagar.
Kalhana also writes that Pravarasena was the second queen of the Puranadhishthana before Pravarpura.
It is believed that this Puranadhishthana is Pandrethan which was situated about 10 kms from present day Srinagar. Historian V.A. Smith considers Pendrathan to be the old Srinagar city which was shifted to another place by Pravarsen II.
Srinagar was ruled by some Hindu or Buddhist king till the 14th century, but after that it came under the influence of Muslim rulers. In 1586 AD, Akbar captured the whole of Kashmir and Srinagar also came under the Mughal Empire.
When the Mughal Empire began to decline after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, Srinagar was attacked by Afghans and Dogras. Both ruled Srinagar for a few decades.
When the dominance of Sikhs started increasing in Punjab, they also reached to Jammu and Kashmir. In 1814, Maharaja Ranjit Singh overthrew the Afghan Raj from Srinagar and the city came under the Sikh Empire. The city was ruled by the Sikhs for the next 30 years.
After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, when the Sikhs were defeated in the first Anglo-Sikh war, the Treaty of Lahore was signed between the two.
In the treaty, Srinagar continued to be ceded to the Sikhs and the British handed it over to the Hindu Dogra king Maharaja Gulab Singh who was under the British. Srinagar was ruled by this Hindu Dogra dynasty till independence.
After the independence of India, Jammu and Kashmir was an independent state. According to the rule of the British, any princely state could remain independent from India.
Therefore its king Hari Singh thought of staying independent. But Pakistan and some Muslim tribes attacked his kingdom. Many Hindus were lynched and the brutality of women cannot be described in words.
Seeing all his kingdom gone, Maharaj Hari Singh agreed to join India. Sardar Patel sent the Indian troops. Pakistan and Muslim tribes had occupied large parts of Kashmir. The Indian army drove out the Pakistani army from the large part captured.
The Indian army was about to evacuate the whole of Kashmir that suddenly Nehru interrupted and the matter went to the United Nations. And till now this matter is hanging in the balance. If Sardar Patel had been running at that time, then this thing would not have happened.
Tourist and Sightseeing Places in Srinagar
Tourists coming to Kashmir leave only in some famous places like Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonmarg, Yusmarg and Srinagar. Whereas the real beauty of jammu Kashmir is hidden in the small villages nestled in the mountains, which must be visited to see.
Hariparvat: Kashmir was earlier called Satisar and Srinagar, whose old name is Pravarapur, there are Hariparvat and Shankaracharya mountains on either side of this city.
Deodar Trees: On the pretext of Srinagar, you can roam in the most beautiful state of India, Jammu and Kashmir. Where there is the cave of Amarnath, on the other hand beautiful mountains, lakes and tall trees covered with snow. These trees enhance the beauty of the whole of Kashmir.
Beautiful Lakes : Nestled in the Kashmir Valley, Srinagar is one of the major tourist destinations in India and has always been an ideal destination, especially for honeymooners. Situated at an altitude of 1700 meters, this city is especially known for its lakes and house boats.
The Dal Lake adorned with lotus flowers has many beautiful boats floating houses called house boats. If you wish to stay in a house boat in a very quiet environment away from the hustle and bustle, then you can stay in the house boat standing on the Nagin Lake or Jhelum River. Nagin Lake is also a beautiful and small lake of Kashmir. Usually only foreign tourists like to stay here.
Famous Gardens: After the beautiful lake, it comes to the attractive gardens and gardens. The Mughal Gardens present here have been prepared in such an excellent and well-planned manner that the garden-love of the Mughals is still reflected here in the form of their beauty.
Apart from this, the journey of Srinagar seems incomplete without seeing many important gardens like Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh. Apart from poplar trees, there are other shady trees in these gardens. There is an abundance of colorful flowers in them. The water flowing from the springs built between these gardens also looks very attractive.
Rauzbal: In a narrow lane of Khanyar, an old area of Srinagar city of Kashmir, a tomb has been built in a stone building called ‘Raujabal’, where according to a belief, the body of Jesus Christ is kept. Many people come here to see this tomb.
Officially this tomb is the tomb of Yuza Asaf, a medieval Muslim preacher, but a large number of people believe that it is the tomb or tomb of Jesus of Nazareth. People also believe that Jesus Christ participated in the famous Buddhist conference held in 80 AD. On the hills to the north of Srinagar are the ruins of a Buddhist monastery where this conference took place.
Gulmarg: This is the most beautiful place. Surrounded by snow-capped mountains, lush green meadows, hills and valleys with evergreen forests, Gulmarg is one of the top Neemoon places and has also been developed as an adventure hub.
Pahalgam and Baltal : Lidder Lake in Pahalgam, brimming with natural beauty, can offer river rafting, golfing and shopping for traditional Kashmiri items. Similarly, Sonmarg is 80 km north-east of Srinagar surrounded by snow-filled plains, majestic glaciers and serene lakes.
Located at an altitude of 2743 meters above sea level, just 15 kilometers from the town of Sonmarg, Baltal Valley is one of the most attractive places in Kashmir. Situated on the banks of Sindhi River, Baltal Valley offers breathtaking views of the Snow Mountains to the tourists.
Dachigam National Park: Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir is located at a distance of just 22 kms from the main city of Srinagar.
Pulwama: Pulwama is a small town in Srinagar district where once there used to be a grand temple but now only ruins are left. Presently the city is famous for its apple orchards, natural springs and natural valleys. You will also find opportunities for mountaineering and trekking in summers and skiing and snowboarding in winters.
Yusmarg: Yusmarg is a very beautiful place situated in the center of Pir Panjal mountain range at an altitude of about 7,500 feet. It is also called the Meadow of Jesus. According to one belief, this is the place where Jesus (Jesus Christ) once lived.
Tulip Garden : Although Kashmir is known for its many beautiful places, but the most spectacular attraction here is also the Tulip Garden. Asia’s largest Tulip Garden is situated in the lap of the Zabarwan mountain range, overlooking the famous Dal Lake of Srinagar.
There are more than 1.5 million tulips in this garden of 60 varieties and colours. Due to such colorful flowers, now Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden has become one of the major tourist attractions of Srinagar. If you want to visit this garden, then keep in mind that this garden is not opened throughout the year.
It will be opened only for 1 month, so according to this you should plan as soon as possible to see this beauty. If you are wondering how to reach Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden Kashmir, then let us tell you that you One can even easily reach the garden by hiring a cab or taxi. Also, the nearest airport to Tulip Garden is the Srinagar International Airport.
There are many taxis and cabs available outside the airport to take you to the Tulip Garden in Kashmir. Also you can get down at Srinagar Railway Station, hire a cab or taxi from there.
Bangus-Reshwadi : Bangus is one of the least explored places in Kashmir. Bangus Valley is located in the Kupwara district of Kashmir, about which very few people know. This place full of flora and wild fauna is probably one of the most beautiful destinations in the world. The reflection of the high mountains is seen in the deodar forests and the blissful streams of Tilwan Kul, Dauda Kul and Roshan Kul.Bangus Valley is about 90 kms from Srinagar Airport. The nearest railway station to Kupwara is at Baramulla, 64 km away, on which work is in progress. You will also get share cabs and buses from Srinagar to reach Bangus Valley.
Chatpal : Chatpal is a small destination located in the Anantnag district of Kashmir. Its name comes in the most beautiful places of Kashmir. Surrounded by dense forests and lush green mountains, this place is a natural treasure, where in a calm environment, some moments of relaxation can be spent with friends, family.
A short trek into the jungles around Chatpal is sure to be a delight for adventure lovers.Each season of Kashmir has its own distinct specialty. However, the best season to visit Chatpal is in the summer. During this time the temperature here remains around 15 to 25 degree Celsius. Summer is the perfect season to see colorful flowers and greenery. If you want to see snow fall, then come here to visit in December-January.
The nearest airport to Kashmir is in Srinagar. You can take a taxi to reach Chatpal, 90 km from here. Its nearest railway station is in Jammu. You can reach here via Anantnag-Chitragul road. You can get share cabs from Achabal to reach Chitragul. You will have to take a special jeep to go from Chitragul to Chatpal.
Daksum Valley : The Daksum Valley is situated on the banks of the Bhringi River, which is a little further from the Mughal Gardens of Achabal. Daksum has every specialty that the tourist is usually looking for.
The beauty of nature for artists, high mountains for adventure lovers, picnic spots for families and romantic destinations for couples, all these things make Daksum special. Summer is the best season to visit Daksum Valley.
During this, tourists can enjoy trekking, fishing and camping here. If you want to see snow fall, then go here only between November and February. After reaching Srinagar airport, hire a cab or bus to go to Anantnag. After this you can reach Daksum Valley via Achabal and Kokernag.
You can also take a taxi or cab from here after reaching Jammu railway station. From Srinagar also you can easily reach Daksum via road.
Karnah : Karnah is a very beautiful place located in Kupwara district of Kashmir. The lush green fields and sky-touching peaks tell the beauty of this place. Many small villages present in this valley add to the beauty of Karnah Valley.
The beautiful view of villages like Tangdar, Tithwal, Gundi Gujran, Amrohi and Saidpura will give you a feel of a different world. If you want to see the lush green plains and forests then visit here in summer.
If you want to see the view of the mountains covered with a sheet of snow, then you can come here in the winter season. Snow fall also occurs here between December-February. Karnah Valley is 78 kms from Kupwara and 86 kms from Kishtwar.
To reach here, one has to pass through Sadhna Pass over the Shamsbury Range. You reach Kupwara before Srinagar airport. After this, go to Karnah Valley with the help of bus or cab.
Gurez Valley : Gurez is a beautiful village hidden in the valleys of Kashmir, which is situated at an altitude of about 2400 meters. Located about 86 km from Bandipora and about 123 km from Srinagar, Gurez is surrounded by snow-clad mountains.
A beautiful view of the Kishanganga river can be seen from here. In this valley you can also get to see the rare snow leopard and brown bear. Dak Bungalow run by Jammu and Kashmir is the best place to stay in Gurez Valley.
If you want, you can also ask the residents to use their houses as guest houses. Gurez Valley remains closed during the winter season due to heavy snowfall. So it would be better if you visit here only in summer.
To go to Gurez Valley, it would be better to take a bus or share taxi from Udhampur to Srinagar. You can also reach here by taking a bus or taxi from Srinagar Airport.
Warwan Valley : Warwan Valley is a heart-pleasing destination from the hustle and bustle of the world. This place is about 150 km away from Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir. You can easily reach here by 3 hours drive from Anantnag district.
The melodious stream of the Warwan River, whose source is the huge Kanital Glacier, gives a special experience to the tourist. It is a paradise for trekkers. Pahalgam has beautiful treks like Sheshnag-Sukhnai-Chitargul and Sukhnai-Kanital-Panikhar.
Accommodation will be found in Inshan village of Warwan Valley. But it would be better if you go back to Kokernag after visiting here. Here you will find a much better place to live. Warwan Valley does not open for tourists throughout the year.
If you want to see this place, then you have to come here between June to October. You can reach here in about 3 hours by driving from Kokernag in South Kashmir to reach Warwan Valley.
Lolab Valley : Lolab Valley is also known as Wadi-e-Lolab. Lolab Valley is also very famous and it is also very easy to reach here by road.
This place is surrounded by apple orchards, waterfalls and paddy fields. Lolab is made up of three mysterious valleys named Kalarus, Potnai and Brunai. Black bear living in the Himalayan valley, snow leopard, wild sheep and Kashmiri reindeer will also be seen.
Arrangements have been made by the Jammu and Kashmir government to stay in Chandigam ahead of Lolab. Your accommodation will be comfortably arranged here.
The best time to visit Lolab is between April and June. Here you can also see walnut, peach, apple and cherry orchards.
Take a bus or cab from Srinagar airport and reach Kupwara first and then take a separate taxi to go to Lolab. You can also reach here from NH1 via road.
Watlab Valley : If you have never experienced the beautiful valleys of Kashmir before, then Watlab is the right place for you.
People who love nature like this place very much. Watlab is also very famous for the Dargah of Baba Shukuruddin situated on the top of the hill. After reaching here, you will have a view of Wular Lake, which is the largest fresh water river in Asia.
Watlab’s Forest Rest House is the best place for tourist to stay. This place rest house is in the middle of apple orchards and lush green forests. Your mind will surely blossom after reaching here. Summer is the best season to visit Watlab. During this time the weather remains clear, so you will be able to see animals, birds and fishes easily.
However, to see the rainfall or snowfall, you have to come only in winter. To reach Watlab, you will have to take a bus or cab from Srinagar airport to Sopore, 56 km ahead. This place is just 8 kilometers away from Sopore, where you can easily reach with the help of taxi or cab.
Tulai Valley : If you include Tulai Valley in your Kashmir tour, then this journey can be even more exciting. Tulai Valley is a treasure hidden in the valleys of Kashmir.
The good thing is that you can complete the journey of Tulai Valley in a day along with Gurez Valley. While going from Gurez to Tulai, many beautiful villages like Barnai, Kashpat and Zargai will fall on the way.
To go to Tulai Valley, you have to take permission from Davar police station. After reaching Srinagar airport, you can easily go here by taking a share taxi or bus. It will take you about 6-7 hours to reach Tulai Bai Road from Srinagar.
The best season to visit Tulai Valley is summer. If you want to spend some memorable moments with family or friends away from the hustle and bustle of cities, then definitely come here between April to June.
Hindu Temple in Srinagar ( Kashmir )
Jwaladevi Temple: There is a temple of Mata Jwaladevi in Khrew, about 17 km from Pulwama, Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Two years ago the fundamentalists set fire to this temple and destroyed it. Now it is a ruin. Located in South Kashmir, this temple is the temple of the Ishta Devi of Kashmiri Pandits.
Kheer Bhavani Temple : This temple is located in Tulla Mulla village of Ganderbal district of central Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, this temple is the temple of the deity Ranganya Devi of Kashmiri Pandits.
The annual Kheer Bhavani Mahotsav is celebrated here, but it is now closed due to terrorism. This temple is 27 km away from Srinagar. Poplar trees and streams of rivers flow around this temple. The desire to visit this temple amidst natural beauty resides in every Kashmiri Pandit.
The temple was rebuilt by Maharaja Pratap Singh in 1912 which was later completed by Maharaja Hari Singh. One of the major legends associated with this temple is that in Satyuga, Lord Rama used this temple as a place of worship during his exile.
Sun Temple: The ancient Sun Temple located at Martand in South Kashmir is about 1400 years old. The temple was built by Maharaja Ashoka’s son Jaluka in 200 BC while the present structure inside the temple was built by an unknown Hindu devotee during the reign of Jahangir. The entire Pir Panjal mountain range and every part of the city can be seen from this temple.
The temple was finalized 400 years ago by King Lalitaditya Mukhyapadaya belonging to the Karkoot family. King Harshavardhana of the Karkut dynasty ruled the Arab countries including Central Asia for 200 years. The famous soft water glasses of Pahalgam belong to this dynasty.
There is a legend that when the first rays of the sun came out, the king used to start his daily routine by worshiping in the Sun temple and invoking the deities in all the four directions. At present, the height of this temple, which has taken the form of ruins, is now only 20 feet. The utensils etc. are still present in the temple.
Bhavani Temple: This Bhavani temple is now maintained by local Muslims, located in Lakdipora village of District Anantnag in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. In the year 1990, when the violent movement started in Kashmir, lakhs of Pandits living in the Kashmir Valley had to leave their homes. When Hindus migrated from this village too, then this temple became deserted.
Sheetleshwar Temple: There is a 2000 year old Sheetleshwar temple in Habba Kadal area of Srinagar. The temple, which has reached a dilapidated condition, was repopulated by an organization of Kashmiri Pandits with the support of the local Muslim population, but it is now deserted due to continuous violence. However, Kashmiri Pandits keep visiting here from time to time.
Shankaracharya Temple: Adi Shankaracharya traveled across the country and discovered such places which were the proud places of ancient India. Such ancient important shrines include this oldest Shiva temple in Srinagar, which is called Jyeshteshwar temple. Later on it came to be called Adi Shankaracharya Temple. Presently it is being called as Takht-e-Sulaiman. Situated on the hills of Srinagar, this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
It is believed that this temple was built by King Sandiman. At that time there were 300 gold and silver statues here. From 426 to 365 BC Kashmir was ruled by Gopaditya. He got this temple rebuilt. Earlier, King Lalitaditya, who ruled from 697 to 734 BC, also made arrangements for its maintenance. When Shah Hamdani came to Kashmir in the seventeenth century, he named Kashmir as Bagh-e-Sulaiman and the temple site as Takhte Sulaiman.
Tripurasundari Temple: The Tripurasundari temple in Devsar area of South Kashmir was vandalized by the fundamentalists. This temple is in the Devsar area of Kulgam district of the valley. This temple is also the ancient center of faith of Kashmiri Hindus.
Mattan: Situated on the Pahalgam road, it is considered a holy place for Hindus, which has a Shiva temple and a beautiful waterfall. It is at a distance of 61 km from Srinagar.
Amarnath Cave: Amarnath Cave is located in the Himalayan mountain ranges, about 145 km from Srinagar. Situated at an altitude of 3,978 meters above sea level, this cave is 150 feet high and about 90 feet long. There are 2 routes to go on Amarnath Yatra – one goes through Pahalgam and the other goes through Sonmarg Baltal.
According to mythological belief, Bhrigu Rishi had first seen the holy cave of Amarnath and the ice Shivling during his visit here.
It is believed that since then this place became the main shrine of Shiva worship and travel, because Lord Shiva did penance here. According to the Puranas, there are darshans of Shri Baba Amarnath, who gives ten times the darshan in Kashi, a hundred times from Prayag and thousand times more than Naimisharanya.
And whoever goes to Kailash, he attains salvation. Amarnath Yatra is being done since the time of Mahabharata. There is evidence of traveling on this route even in the Buddhist period.
After this, in Kalhana’s Rajatarangini Tarang II, written in BC, it is mentioned that King Samdimat of Kashmir (34 BC-17 AD) was a devotee of Shiva and he used to worship the snow Shivalinga located in the forests of Pahalgam. This mention shows how old the practice of making this pilgrimage is.
Mahamaya Shaktipeeth: Very few people know that there is a very awakened Shaktipeeth of Mother Sati in Kashmir which is called Mahamaya Shaktipeeth. If you have ever been to Amarnath, you must have definitely seen this place.
This temple is also in the holy cave of Amarnath. Mother’s throat had fallen in Amarnath of Pahalgaon. Its power is called Mahamaya and Bhairav is called Trisandhyeshwar. By visiting here, the sins of every birth are cut away. If you go to see Amarnath Baba this time, then definitely visit it too.
Hindu Temples in Pakistan Occupied Jammu Kashmir
1.Shiv Temple PoJK :- Although many temples are no longer in existence in Pakistan Occupied Jammu Kashmir, but this Shiva temple is now ruined.
This temple was in good condition for some years after the Indo-Pak partition, but due to the increasing influence of terrorists in Pakistan Occupied Jammu Kashmir, the movement of devotees to the temple decreased and now this temple is deserted.
2.Sharda Devi Temple PoJK:- This temple is in Pakistan Occupied Jammu Kashmir on the Line of Control of India-Pakistan. This temple too has almost turned into ruins now. It is believed that Lord Shankar left while traveling from here.
Since 1948, this temple has hardly been repaired. The importance of this temple is as much as the Shiva Lingam temple of Somnath. Maharaja Gulab Singh got it repaired for the last time in the 19th century and it has remained in this condition since then.